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What kind of factors influence the drawing process in adults?

Psychology professors Dale J. Cohen and Susan Bennett explore this topic in a series of experiments conducted at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

In Why Can’t Most People Draw What They See?, Cohen and Bennett present four possible reasons why adults may not be able to draw what they see. They explain that drawing inaccuracies in adult drawings may occur because of:

    Artist Misperception of an Object
    Cohen & Bennett (1997) explain that an artist’s illusions and delusions can result in drawing inaccuracies. What’s an example of a delusion? An artist relying on what they know about an object instead of the actual physical features of an object.

    Artist Inability to Make Good Representational Decisions
    This refers to an artist’s inability to decide what to include in a drawing and how to represent it.

    Artist Motor Skills
    This refers to an artist’s ability to create the proper marks on paper after they have perceived an object and made good decisions about how to represent an object. Cohen & Bennett (1997) explain that mark making “is a physical process, not a perceptual or cognitive process” and that artists must have the “appropriate motor skills” to make the marks required to create a representational drawing.

    Artist Misperception of Their Drawing
    This refers to an artist’s perception of their own work. If an artist perceives a mark to be more accurate than it really is, drawing inaccuracies will go uncorrected.

Cohen and Bennett (1997) created four experiments to assess the effect decision-making, motor skills and artist misperception of drawings have on the drawing process. Each experiment was designed to investigate these effects in isolation. The participants in these studies were college students. Some served as experimental subjects (i.e., they completed rendering tasks assigned by the researchers) and some served as critics (i.e., evaluators) of the drawings created by the other students.

After methodically assessing the effects described above, Cohen & Bennett (1997) observed the following:

  • An artist’s decision-making capabilities are “a relatively minor source” (Cohen & Bennett, 1997) of drawing inaccuracies in adult drawings.
  • Motor coordination is not a significant source of drawing inaccuracies in adult drawings.
  • An artist’s misperception of their own work is not a source of drawing inaccuracies in adult drawings.

So what is a source of drawing inaccuracies in adult drawings?

An artist’s misperception of an object.

How Cohen & Bennett (1997) designed each experiment and assessed each effect in isolation is very interesting. For a detailed account of Cohen and Bennett’s materials, methods, findings and statistical analysis for each experiment, please see their paper. Their paper is available for free on the website of the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

Cohen & Bennett (1997) is one of the many articles cited by Jennifer Landin in her dissertation. Do you have questions about drawing and learning?


Join our conversation with Jennifer


Literature Cited

Cohen, Dale J. and Susan Bennett. 1997. Why can’t most people draw what they see? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 23(3): 609-621. Web. http://people.uncw.edu/cohend/research/papers/Cohen%20and%20Bennett%2097.pdf [accessed 6 September 2013]



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Look at what’s new at Classes Near You > Southern California!


Paula Panich – The Literary Gardener

www.theliterarygardener.com
Paula Panich is a writer whose work has appeared in the New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, the Washington Post, Gastronomica, and Better Homes and Gardens. She is the author of four books, including Cultivating Words: The Guide to Writing About the Plants & Gardens You Love. She teaches at museums and botanical gardens across the US and currently teaches in the UCLA Extension Landscape Architecture Program.


Art, Table, Taste, Memory: A Writing Workshop

Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA)
Tuesday, September 17, 2013
10:30 AM – 1:00 PM

Journalist, teacher and writer, Paula Panich will teach a special writing workshop for Los Angeles Art Muse, a community of historians, artists and educators who lead small private group tours in the Los Angeles area. Join Paula at LACMA and engage with the food-and-table related art in the museum’s galleries. Participate in writing exercises and awaken your senses and memory to unveil your history as it pertains to food, memory, family and history.

Cost: FREE
LACMA Admission: $10
LACMA Parking: $10

For more information and to register, contact Clare Kunny. Limit: 12

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Today is the day!

Forty-six unique works of art created by local artists will be auctioned off to raise money for Habitat for Humanity Riverside and the communities it serves in southern California’s Inland Empire. Proceeds will help to build and rehabilitate homes in Riverside, Moreno Valley, Jurupa Valley, Norco and Corona. As Habitat for Humanity Riverside explains in the exhibition program for the Artist Showcase:

Bid on these unique works of art and support Habitat for Humanity Riverside as we look to the future serving more low-income, working families with a hand up, not a hand out; and as we work to make affordable housing a matter of conscience throughout the communities we serve.

The Artist Showcase Homes Tour event at the Riverside Public Library came to a close last week. The exhibition can now be viewed at the Riverside Restore, Habitat’s home improvement store (map). The custom dollhouses and plaques in the exhibition can also be viewed online in the Artist Showcase Gallery.

The auction begins today at 12 PM (Pacific) and ends at noon on
September 27, 2013. The winning bidders will be notified on September 28, 2013.

Are you ready to place an opening bid?



Tell Your Friends

Please share news about the online auction with friends, family and colleagues. On behalf of Habitat for Humanity Riverside, the Riverside Restore, Showcase Artists and the families who will one day build their own homes — thank you.

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SciTech Conference Ad C_150x600Contributor, Arizona SciTech Festival

Hundreds of Arizona’s business, science and education leaders will gather in Scottsdale for the Second Annual Arizona SciTech Festival Kickoff Conference on September 4, 2013. The conference will be held 7:30 a.m. – 6 p.m. at the Scottsdale Center for the Performing Arts located at 7380 E. Second Street (map). The free, day-long event is open to those wanting to learn more about integrating STEM education into their communities. STEM education, which focuses on science, technology, engineering and math, is the backbone discipline of Arizona’s new economy.

The Arizona SciTech Festival Kickoff Conference will include 16 thought-provoking panel discussions, a keynote address and roughly 50 interactive stations, where collaborating organizations from the Arizona SciTech Festival will demonstrate STEM activities. The conference offers a unique opportunity to network with some of the state’s top STEM professionals, learn best practices in communicating STEM, as well as strategies to engage communities, local schools and businesses.

“The conference is an intersection point for leaders to form partnerships and build upon STEM activities they can implement in their communities during our annual spring festival,” said Jeremy Babendure, Executive Director of the Arizona SciTech Festival. “It offers a platform to engage new collaborators and links content providers with venues throughout the state, which translates into a stronger network and a more impactful Arizona SciTech Festival.”

“A statewide commitment to STEM education is critical to developing an ongoing pipeline of future talent to build and sustain Arizona’s workforce and strengthen its economy,” said Sandra Watson, President and CEO of the Arizona Commerce Authority, who is a panelist at this year’s conference. “Bringing the private and public sectors together in this forum to collaborate and lead on this issue is vital for our state’s success and global competitiveness.”

Conference sponsors include Cox Communications, Challenger Space Center, the City of Scottsdale and EventInterface.

The Kickoff Conference begins with a 7:30 a.m. breakfast mixer. Programming begins at 8:30 a.m. and continues until 6 p.m. The conference keynote presentation beginning at 3:45 p.m. will feature Geoff Notkin, star of TV’s “Meteorite Men” and Skylab Astronaut Dr. Ed Gibson. Notkin and Gibson will team up to provide unique perspectives on how they’ve worked to make the understanding and appreciation of science part of mainstream living.


Conference Schedule
:

    7:30 – 8:30 a.m.
    Registration and networking breakfast

    8:30 – 11:30 a.m.
    Morning sessions and networking

    11:30 a.m. – 1:00 p.m.
    Lunch break (enjoy one of dozens of restaurants steps from the conference)

    1:00 – 3:45 p.m.
    Afternoon sessions and networking

    3:45 – 4:45 p.m.
    Keynote address

    4:45 – 6:00 p.m.
    Reception (visit 50 interactive tables hosted by collaborators and partners)


Panel discussions scheduled for the Arizona SciTech Festival Kickoff Conference include
:

  • Festival Events & Best Practices
  • Festival Boons, Barriers and Dreams
  • Finding the Teachable Moment in Your STEM Activity
  • The Maker Movement: Connecting Innovation, STEM and Creativity
  • How to Evaluate Your Festival Event
  • In Schools
  • Supporting the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) in Arizona
  • How Parents Can Support Their Kids in STEM
  • Student Panel: What Makes Science Exciting for Kids?
  • Bringing Science Festival Events to Your Schools
  • In Society
  • Using TV to Communicate Science
  • Teaching Science through Sports
  • How Do Interdisciplinary Arts Foster Creative Thinking and Discovery?
  • Vision 2020: Sustainability Challenges for Our Future
  • In the Workforce
  • Arizona: Step Up to Meet the Challenges of a Global Economy with STEM
  • Enhancing Business: Educator Relationships with STEM
  • Arizona Cities @ Work: How Cities Can Showcase STEM and Innovation to Their Communities
  • “Balancing Acts: Women Role Models in STEM”


About the Arizona SciTech Festival

The Arizona SciTech Festival is a six-week, statewide celebration of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) held annually in February and March. Through a series of more than 300 expos, workshops, conversations, exhibitions and tours held in diverse neighborhoods throughout the state, the festival excites and informs Arizonans age 3 to 103 how STEM will drive our state. Spearheaded by its Foundational Partners the Arizona Commerce Authority, Arizona Science Center, Arizona Technology Council, Arizona State University, and The University of Arizona, the Arizona SciTech Festival is a grassroots collaboration of more than 350 organizations in industry, academia, arts, civic, community and K-12. Visit azscitechfest.org for more.

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The exhibition WILDLIFE: Visual Explorations of Biological Forms in Nature opens today at the Godine Family Gallery at the Massachusetts College of Art & Design.

WILDLIFE is an exhibition of biological art by 12 artists who spent 12 days in nature exploring and studying plants and animals in Natural History and Biological Art, a four-week summer course taught by biology professor Dr. Saúl S. Nava. An opening reception will be held today, August 5, from 4:30 – 6:30 PM. This exhibition of student work will be on view through Friday, August 9, 2013.

Visit the Godine Family Gallery



About Dr. Saúl Nava

Professor Saúl Nava teaches the life sciences and biology at the Massachusetts College of Art and Design (MassArt) and is a faculty research associate in the Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology at Harvard University. He also teaches summer programs about art and biology. One program is called
Field BIO+ART: Collaborative R.N.A. (Research in Nature and Art). The other program is about natural history and biological art and is an introduction to visualizing plants, animals and natural forms.

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Introduction to Keeping a Garden Journal, © Tania Marien

Introduction to Keeping a Garden Journal, © Tania Marien

Introduction to Keeping
a Garden Journal

Growcology and ArtPlantae join forces to bring experiences in botanical illustration to the garden!

Spend a leisurely summer morning in the Growcology garden learning about the history of botanical illustration and learning techniques you can use to create your own garden journal.

Participants will learn how to observe plants, how to assess a plant’s morphological features and how to record what they see in their journal.

View the schedule below to learn more.

To register, contact Selena at Art Growcology. Download flier


Itinerary for Saturday, August 3, 2013
:

    10-10:30
    ArtPlantae introduction to botanical illustration (presentation/slide show)

    10:30-10:45
    Participants introduce themselves, Q & A, workshop overview

    10:45-12:30
    Drawing in the Garden

    12:30-1:00
    Return to the barn for refreshments, lunch and the sharing of journals. Learn how you can take part in Growcology’s Fall Eco Art Show.


What to Bring
:
Pencils, erasers, pen, any other art supplies, water, sack lunch, a smile and the desire to learn some art techniques while learning about plants!

Cost: $25
Age: 12 and older



More Learning Opportunities

Visit ArtPlantae’s listing at Classes Near You > Southern California.

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Victoria regia by Carl Ulke. Image courtesy of Crispian Riley-Smith Fine Arts Ltd. All rights reserved.

Victoria regia by Carl Ulke. Image courtesy of Crispian Riley-Smith Fine Arts Ltd. All rights reserved.

The Art of Botanical Pictures: Still Lifes and Plants

This exhibition will be presented by Crispian Riley-Smith Fine Arts Ltd during Master Drawings and Sculpture Week, part of London Art Week (June 28 – July 5, 2013).

This exhibition of botanical art features the work of father and son artists, Carl and Henry Ulke. The art in this collection has been kept within the family for many years and is coming out onto the market for the first time.

Henry Ulke in his studio. Image courtesy Crispian Riley-Smith Fine Arts Ltd. All rights reserved.

Henry Ulke in his studio. Image courtesy Crispian Riley-Smith Fine Arts Ltd. All rights reserved.

Carl Ulke (1791-1882) was a typesetter and publisher in Germany. His son Henry Ulke (1821-1910) was a writer, a photographer and a portrait painter. Born in Germany, Henry emigrated to the United States in 1852. He is best known for his portrait painting. Henry’s painting of President Ulysses S. Grant hangs in the White House and more than 300 of his portraits are in US government and private collections. Henry was well-connected to the presidents and was one of the few eyewitnesses to the death of President Lincoln. Henry painted botanical subjects on the side and he was also an avid collector of beetles. His beetle collection was purchased by the Carnegie Museum in Pittsburgh, PA in 1900.

The Art of Botanical Pictures: Still Lifes and Plants includes 20 pieces by Carl and Henry Ulke. Also included in this exhibition are works by female Dutch artists, including Cornelia Maria Haakman and
Maria Margaretha Van Os.

All of this wonderful work and fascinating history will be on view for only one week. If you live near London or will be traveling in London during London Art Week (June 28 – July 5, 2013), stop by The Illustration Cupboard to see this exhibition.


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